Defisiensi vitamin D pada pasien gagal jantung kronik yang menjalani rawat inap

Abstract

Latar Belakang: Gagal jantung merupakansalah satu masalah kesehatan masyarakat global dengan jumlah penderita yang diperkirakan terus mengalami peningkatan. Meskipun terdapat kemajuan dalam tata kelolanya, gagal jantung masih memiliki prognosis yang buruk. Vitamin D merupakan mikronutrien yang berpengaruh terhadap prognosis  pasien gagal jantung kronik. Saat ini belum ada data mengenai kadar vitamin D serum pada pasien gagal jantung kronik yang dirawat pada populasi Indonesia. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kadar vitamin D serum pada pasien gagal jantung kronik yang menjalani rawat inap.

Metode: Penelitian observasional pada pasien gagal jantung kronik yang dirawat di RSUP. Dr. Kariadi Semarang mulaibulan November 2017 sampaiJanuar1 2018. Pemeriksaan kadar vitamin D serum [25(OH)D] dilakukan dengan metode chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA).

Hasil: Sebanyak 102 pasien (median usia 55 (22–65) tahun) yang terlibat, terdapat 69 sampel yang memenuhi kriteria seleksi. Median fraksi ejeksi ventrikel kiri adalah 35 (10-76)%. Median kadar vitamin D serum adalah 47.25 (14.25–143.02) nmol/L.Yang menarik,  88,4% pasien menunjukkan kadar vitamin D lebih rendah dari yang direkomendasikan. Dibandingkan dengan pasien dengan kadar vitamin D normal, pasien dengan kadar rendah tersebut lebih sering disertai denganhipertensi atau diabetes, berjenis kelamin perempuan, dan memiliki riwayat rawat inap ulang yang lebih sering.

Kesimpulan: Defisiensi vitamin D serum dialami olehsebagian besar pasien gagal jantung kronik yang dirawat. Data ini menunjukkan perlunya pengukuran kadar vitamin D pada pasien gagal jantung kronik dengan hipertensi, diabetes, jenis kelamin wanita dan rawat inap ulang.

Kata Kunci : Gagal jantung, defisiensi vitamin D, rawat inap

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References

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Published
2019-09-11
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How to Cite
Defisiensi vitamin D pada pasien gagal jantung kronik yang menjalani rawat inap. (2019). Indonesian Journal of Cardiology, 39(3). https://doi.org/10.30701/ijc.v39i3.743