EFFECT OF STATINS ON ENDOTHELIAL PROGENITOR CELL (EPC) MIGRATION FROM PERIPHERAL BLOOD OF STABLE CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE PATIENT

Abstract

Penelitian Klinis

ABSTRAK

 

Efek Pemberian Statin Terhadap Migrasi Endothelial Progenitor Cell (EPC) Pada Darah Tepi Penderita Penyakit Jantung Koroner Stabil

Tyagita Verdena Rani Savitri, Yudi Her Oktaviono, Djoko Soemantri

 

Latar Belakang: Endothlelial progenitor cell (EPC) berpartisipasi dalam perbaikan endotel dan pertumbuhan pembuluh darah baru. Farmakoterapi kardiovaskular telah dibuktikan dapat memperbaiki jumlah dan fungsi EPC pada penderita dengan risiko kardiovaskular. Banyak studi melaporkan bahwa statin memiliki efek yang menguntungkan terhadap EPC dengan meningkatkan jumlah dan fungsi EPC, termasuk didalamnya adalah fungsi migrasi. Oleh karena itu, kami melakukan penelitian untuk menganalisis efek tiga statin yang berbeda terhadap migasi EPC.

Tujuan: Untuk menganalisis efek pemberian statin terhadap migrasi EPC pada darah tepi penderita penyakit jantung koroner stabil.

Metode: Penelitian ini kami lakukan secara in vitro true experimental post-test only control group design. Sel mononuklear diisolasi dari darah tepi penderita penyakit jantung koroner stabil dan dilakukan kultur dalam medium Stemline II Hematopoietic Stemcell Expansion Medium selama 3 hari. Kemudian sampel dibagi menjadi empat kelompok yaitu kelompok simvastatin 0.5 µmol/L,, atorvastatin 0.5 µmol/L, rosuvastatin 0.5 µmol/L dan kelompok kontrol kemudian diinkubasi selama 48 jam. Metode imunositokimia dilakukan untuk identifikasi EPC dengan mengevaluasi ekspresi CD34+. Pada hari ke-5 kultur, sel di pindahkan ke bagian atas transwell system sebanyak 5x105 sel per sumur perlakuan , kemudian di inkubasi selama 1 hari. Sel yang berpindah pada sumur transwell system bagian bawah dihitung dengan automatic cell counter dengan pewarnaan typhan blue. Data dianalisis dengan independent t test dan ANOVA.

Hasil: Hasil independent t test terhadap hasil migrasi pada transwell system menunjukkan peningkatan bermakna terhadap migrasi EPC pada kelompok simvastatin, atorvastatin, dan rosuvastatin dibandingkan dengn kelompok kontrol (234000 ± 1290. 994, 265000 ± 1290. 994, 203000 ± 1290. 994 vs 174071.43 ± 1426. 785, p<0.05). Migrasi EPC juga berbeda antar kelompok statin, dimana efek tertinggi didapatkan pada kelompok atorvastatin. Migrasi EPC pada kelompok atorvastatin lebih tinggi daripada kelompok simvastatin (265000 ± 1290. 994 vs 234000 ± 1290. 994, p<0.05), dan simvastatin lebih tinggi daripada kelompok rosuvastatin (234000 ± 1290. 994 vs 203000 ± 1290. 994, p<0.05). Pemeriksaan imunositokimia menunjukkan ekspresi positif terhadap CD34+.

Kesimpulan: Statin meningkatkan migrasi EPC pada darah tepi penderita penyakit jantung koroner stabil. Efek tertinggi tampak pada kelompok atorvastatin, diikuti kelompok simvastatin, dan rosuvastatin.

 

Kata kunci: Migrasi EPC, simvastatin, atorvastatin, rosuvastatin

 

 

Clinical Research

 

ABSTRACT

 

Effect of Statins on Endothelial Progenitor Cell (EPC) Migration from Peripheral Blood of Stable Coronary Artery Disease Patient

 

Tyagita Verdena Rani Savitri

Yudi Her Oktaviono

Djoko Soemantri

 

 

Background: Endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) participates in endothelial repair and new blood vessel growth. Cardiovascular pharmacotherapy has been shown to improve the amount and function of EPC in patients with cardiovascular risk. Many studies report that statins have a beneficial effect on EPC by increasing the number and function of EPC, including the migration function. Therefore, we conducted a study to analyze the effects of three different statins on EPC migration.

Objective: To analyze the effect of statins on EPC migration from peripheral blood of stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) patient.

Methods: This was an in vitro true experimental post-test only control group design. The MNCs were isolated from peripheral blood of SCAD patient and were cultured in Stemline II Hematopoietic Stemcell Expansion Medium in 3 days. Then samples were put into four groups, simvastatin 0.5 µmol/L, atorvastatin 0.5 µmol/L, rosuvastatin 0.5 µmol/L and control, then incubated for 48 hours. Immunocytochemical examination was performed to evaluate expression of CD34+. On the 5th day of culture, 5x105 cells per group were transferred to the upper chamber of the transwell system, then incubated for 1 day. Cells that migrated to the lower chamber of transwell system were calculated by automatic cell counter with typhan blue coloring. Data were analyzed by independent T-test and ANOVA.

Results: The results of independent T-tests showed a significant increase in EPC migration in the simvastatin, atorvastatin, and rosuvastatin groups compared with the control group (234000 ± 1290.994, 265000 ± 1290.994, 203000 ± 1290. 994 vs 174071.43 ± 1426 785, p <0.05). EPC migration also differed between statin groups, where the highest effect was found in the atorvastatin group. EPC migration in the atorvastatin group was higher than the simvastatin group (265,000 ± 1290,994 vs 234,000 ± 1290,994, p <0.05), and simvastatin was higher than the rosuvastatin (234,000 ± 1290,994 vs 203000 ± 1290. 994, p < 0.05). Immunocytochemical examination showed a positive expression on CD34+.

Conclusion: Statins increase EPC migration from peripheral blood of SCAD patient. Atorvastatin showed the highest EPC migration, followed by simvastatin, and rosuvastatin.

Keywords: EPC migration, simvastatin, atorvastatin, rosuvastatin

 

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Fadini GP, Agostini C, Sartore S, Avogaro A.
Endothelial progenitor cells in the natural history of
atherosclerosis. Ath- erosclerosis. 2007;194(1):46-
54.
2. Shantsila E, Watson T, Tse HF, Lip GYH. Endothelial
colony forming units: Are they a reliable marker of
endothelial progeni- tor cell numbers? Annals of
Medicine. 2007;39:474-9.
3. Lee PSS, Kian K. Poh. Endothelial progenitor cells
in cardio- vascular diseases. World J Stem Cells.
2014;6(3):355-66.
4. Meuthia F., Oktaviono Y. H., Soemantri D. Effects of
Statins on Endothelial Progenitor Cell Proliferation
from Peripheral Blood of Stable Coronary Artery
Disease Patient J Kardiol Indones. 2017;38:6-12
5. Llevadot J, Murasawa S, Kureishi Y, et al. HMGCoA
reductase inhibitor mobilizes bone marrowderived
endothelial progenitor cells. Journal Clin
Invest. 2001;108:399-405.
6. Spiel AO, Mayr FB, Leitner JM, et al. Simvastatin
and rosuvas- tatin mobilize endothelial progenitor
cells but do not prevent their acute decrease during
systemic inflammation. Thrombosis Research.
2008;123:108-113.
7. Dimmeler S, Aicher A, Vasa M, et al. HMG-CoA
reductase inhibitors (statins) increase endothelial
progenitor cells via the PI 3-kinase/Akt pathway. J
Clin Invest. 2001;108:391-7
8. Davignon J. Beneficial cardiovascular pleiotropic
effects of statins. Circulation. 2004;109(3):39-43.
Published
2019-09-11
How to Cite
EFFECT OF STATINS ON ENDOTHELIAL PROGENITOR CELL (EPC) MIGRATION FROM PERIPHERAL BLOOD OF STABLE CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE PATIENT. (2019). Indonesian Journal of Cardiology, 40(1). https://doi.org/10.30701/ijc.v40i1.840